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CRC Column

The right to criticize government is also an obligation to know what you are talking about. 
-Lent Upson, 1st Executive Director of CRC  


Public Safety Issues

Public Safety and Corrections

Note 96-02, pdf File Growth in Michigan Corrections Budget Continues, ( June 96 ) 2 pages [21,755 bytes]

CC 1033, pdf File Statewide Ballot Proposal - III: Proposal B -- Criminal Appeals As A Matter Of Right, Analyzed the criminal appeals proposal which was on the statewide ballot at the November 1994 general election. ( October 94 ) 2 pages [9,982 bytes]

CC 919, State Ballot Issues: Proposal E -- Increase in Income Tax for Corrections (defeated 37% for to 63% against); Proposal B -- Lowering the Drinking Age; Proposal G -- Civil Immunity for Legislators; Proposal H -- Lieutenant Governor (a constitution ( October 80 ) 4 pages

State Militia

National Defense--Military Obligation, Draft

CC 935, State Ballot Issues: Proposal B -- Special Status for the Department of State Police; Proposal E -- Nuclear Weapons Freeze Analyzed the Department of State Police proposal which was on the statewide ballot at the November 1982 general election. ( October 82 ) 4 pages

Subversive Activities & Internal Security

PDF File Protecting the Elephant,
Misc. ( August 2003 ) 3 pages

Funding the war on terrorism continues to be debated. One aspect of the debate revolves around the appropriate allocation of the funding burden between the federal government and states and localities. CRC President Earl M. Ryan addressed the costs of homeland security and their allocation in a presentation to the 2003 Annual Conference of the Governmental Research Association in Chicago.

Military Base

Veterans & Benefits

Crime & Uniform Crime Reports

CC 960, Developing an Improved Criminal Justice Information System in Michigan --- Summarizes Report #281 --- ( July 86 ) 4 pages

Improving the Criminal Justice Information System in Michigan
Report 281, ( June 86 ) 15 pages

CC 960, Developing an Improved Criminal Justice Information System in Michigan --- Summarizes Report #281 --- ( July 86 ) 4 pages

Law Enforcement & Crime Control

Report 310-6, pdf File The Detroit Board Of Police Commissioners: Historical And Policy Context, (David F. Smydra, WSU) Describes and defines the characteristics giving the civilian commissioners oversight of the police department and lays out the issues that will need to be considered by charter commissioners ( August 93 ) 6 pages [42,507 bytes]

CC 960, Developing an Improved Criminal Justice Information System in Michigan --- Summarizes Report #281 --- ( July 86 ) 4 pages

Improving the Criminal Justice Information System in Michigan
Report 281, ( June 86 ) 15 pages

Report 258, Police Precinct One in Downtown Detroit ( May 79 ) 87 pages

CC 906, Detroit Ballot Issues: Proposition X -- Increase in School Operating Millage; Proposition S -- $3.4 million, new fire stations and modernization; Proposition T -- $12.2 million, public lighting; Proposition U -- $17.9 million, Recreation and Zoo; Proposit ( October 78 ) 3 pages

PDF File The Criminal Justice System and Crime Deterrence
Report 230, ( September 76 ) 47 pages

Prompted by research which indicates that persons who commit serious crimes in Michigan are not very likely to be apprehended, convicted or punished, the Citizens Research Council of Michigan, with a grant from National Bank of Detroit, requested several of the leading participants in the Michigan criminal justice system to address the question: What can be done to deter crime?

This report synopsizes the speeches of symposium speakers that included a representative of municipal government, a chief of police, a prosecuting attorney, a circuit court judge and a judge from Detroit Recorder's Court, the Director of the Michigan Department of Corrections, an attorney in private practice, a member of the Michigan House of Representatives, and noted criminal justice expert James Q. Wilson.

Coroners & Medical Examiners

State Police

CC 935, State Ballot Issues: Proposal B -- Special Status for the Department of State Police; Proposal E -- Nuclear Weapons Freeze Analyzed the Department of State Police proposal which was on the statewide ballot at the November 1982 general election. ( October 82 ) 4 pages

CC 904, PDF File State Ballot Issues: Collective Bargaining for State Police (Article X1, Section 5); Raising the Drinking Age to 21 (Article IV, Section 40); Investment of State Funds (Article IX, Sections 19-20) ( September 78 ) 4 pages

Police Departments

Report 310-6, pdf File The Detroit Board of Police Commissioners: Historical and Policy Context, (David F. Smydra, WSU) Describes and defines the characteristics giving the civilian commissioners oversight of the police department and lays out the issues that will need to be considered by charter commissioners ( August 93 ) 6 pages [42,507 bytes]

Misc., Grosse Pointe Park Staffing Levels (police and fire) ( October 84 ) 7 pages

Report 221, pdf File A Survey of the Police Department: Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan, This report deals primarily with the organizational structure, personnel, and administrative proactices of the department. Manpower requirements and police procedures were also analysed, and certain recommendations were made in these areas. In the main, however, the report deals with those departmental functions necessary to effective direction, control, and evaluation of the performance of the police force. ( December 65 ) 54 pages [266 KB]

Police & Fire Integration

PDF File Consolidation of Police and Fire Services in the City of Grosse Pointe, Michigan
Report 250, ( July 76 ) 54 pages

The study examines the operations, services and costs of the existing police and fire departments and the feasibility of consolidating the two departments. The study does not address the efficiency or effectiveness of the personnel, equipment, operations or administration of the existing departments, except as improvements could be effected through consolidation. The report concludes that consolidation of police and fire services is feasible in the City of Grosse Pointe and that a consolidated department can provide improved police and fire services to the citizens of the community at a significant reduction in costs. The report details the proposed organization and staffing of a consolidated department and the methods and procedures to be followed in implementing consolidation.

Saving Taxpayer Dollars Through Consolidated Police and Fire Services
Memo 227 ( October 75 ) 12 pages

Today, many cities are caught in a crunch between increasing public concern about the adequacy of police and fire protection services and the rapidly escalating salary and fringe benefits costs for police officers and fire fighters.

The consolidation of municipal police and fire departments offers Michigan communities the opportunity to increase significantly police patrol strength and fire fighting response, with little or no increase in costs, or, to reduce expenditures for public service salaries and wages while maintaining existing service levels.

Police-fire consolidation can increase the number of on-duty men available for police patrol or response to fire alarms by as much as 50 percent. If present service levels are adequate, police-fire consolidation can result in a 25 percent reduction in salary and fringe benefit costs while continuing to provide the same level of service. In either case, police-fire consolidation makes available more on-duty personnel to fight fires and provides a larger group of trained public safety officers off-duty who can be recalled in the event of a major conflagration. Police-fire consolidation also makes it feasible to extend the 40-hour work week to all public safety personnel and tends to provide them a higher degree of professionalization and job satisfaction.

Integration Of Police And Fire Services CC 657 ( June 56 ) 2 pages

Integration of police and fire departments into a single agency -- and combining the duties of policemen and firemen -- has proved to be an effective means of providing public safety for a relatively large city. A recent survey by the Research Council of the Department of Public Safety in Oak Park (a Detroit suburb) describes the advantages of quot;integration". There is a lesson in administration to be learned from Oak Park.

Police-Community Relation, Citizen Review Boards

Sheriff

pdf File Ballot Issues: Wayne County
CC 920, ( October 80 ) 5 pages

Proposition J -- A Separate and Fixed Tax Limit of 18 mills; Propositions K, L, & M--Extra-Voted Millage; Detroit: Proposal Y -- 3.5 Mills Extra-Voted for the Detroit Schools

Fire Departments

PDF File Fire Service Delivery Systems In Michigan,
Report 287, ( April 88 ) 67 pages

This paper will present the results of a survey of Michigan fire departments serving populations of over 7,000, as well as descriptions of various organizational structures used in Michigan to provide fire protection. Examples of regional fire service organizations and of privatization are presented, and case studies of various Michigan fire departments which represent a cross section of organizational structures are presented in an appendix for those who may be interested in learning more about the operations of specific departments.

It is hoped that this description of the variety of service delivery structures used by various Michigan communities will help public officials and citizens to evaluate critically the organization, costs, risks, and benefits of alternative fire protection systems, and to consider the possibilities for making incremental or major changes in fire suppression organizations, with a better understanding of the range of alter-natives available.

CC 969, pdf File Fire Service Delivery Systems in Michigan --- Summarizes Report #287 --- ( March 88 ) 6 pages

Misc., Grosse Pointe Park Staffing Levels (police and fire) ( October 84 ) 7 pages

Detroit Fire Department

Public Safety, Firearms Control, Public Order

Civil Defense & Natural Disasters

Juvenile Delinquency & Detention

Crime Victims

pdf File State Ballot Proposals - I: Proposal A -- Medicaid Funding, Abortions; Proposal B -- Crime Victims "Bill of Rights",
CC 974, ( September 88 ) 4 pages

Analyzed the abortion funding and crime victims rights proposals which were on the statewide ballot at the November 1988 general election.

Correctional Systems

Growth in Michigan's Corrections System: Historical and Comparative Perspectives
Report 350 ( June 2008 ) 47 pages

This study is intended to put the long-term growth in Michigan's prison population and Corrections spending into an informed historical and comparative perspective in order to help initiate a reasoned, fact-based public debate of policy options.

With an incarceration rate of 489 persons per 100,000 residents, Michigan far exceeds the average incarceration rates for the surrounding Great Lakes* states (338 per 100,000) and the U.S. average state incarceration rate (435 per 100,000).

The single most important contributing factor to the growth of Michigan's incarceration rate has been average prisoner length of stay, which lengthened from 28.4 months in prison in 1981 to 43.5 months by 2005.

Growth in Michigan's Corrections System: Historical and Comparative Perspectives
Note 2008-02 ( June 2008 ) 2 pages

Summarizes Report 350

Note 96-02, pdf File Growth in Michigan Corrections Budget Continues, ( June 96 ) 2 pages [21,755 bytes]

PDF File The Criminal Justice System and Crime Deterrence
Report 230, ( September 76 ) 47 pages

Prompted by research which indicates that persons who commit serious crimes in Michigan are not very likely to be apprehended, convicted or punished, the Citizens Research Council of Michigan, with a grant from National Bank of Detroit, requested several of the leading participants in the Michigan criminal justice system to address the question: What can be done to deter crime?

This report synopsizes the speeches of symposium speakers that included a representative of municipal government, a chief of police, a prosecuting attorney, a circuit court judge and a judge from Detroit Recorder's Court, the Director of the Michigan Department of Corrections, an attorney in private practice, a member of the Michigan House of Representatives, and noted criminal justice expert James Q. Wilson.

Probation and Parole

PDF File State Ballot Issues:
CC 903, ( September 78 ) 4 pages

The November, 1978 ballot contained two proposals dealing with criminal justicel. Proposal B - Parole Limitation (amend PA 232 of 1953); Proposal K - Denial of Bail (Article I, Section 15)

Jails

Misc., pdf File Wayne County Proposal #2: Unexpended One-Tenth Mill for Youth Services ( October 92 ) 2 pages [7 KB]

pdf File Wayne County Jail and Detroit Public Library Millage Proposals,
CC 972, ( July 88 ) 4 pages

Millage questions were on the Wayne County and City of Detroit August 2, 1988, primary ballots asking approval of a new tax to finance county jail facilities and to renew a property tax for the operations of the Detroit Public Library.

PDF File The Criminal Justice System and Crime Deterrence
Report 230, ( September 76 ) 47 pages

Prompted by research which indicates that persons who commit serious crimes in Michigan are not very likely to be apprehended, convicted or punished, the Citizens Research Council of Michigan, with a grant from National Bank of Detroit, requested several of the leading participants in the Michigan criminal justice system to address the question: What can be done to deter crime?

This report synopsizes the speeches of symposium speakers that included a representative of municipal government, a chief of police, a prosecuting attorney, a circuit court judge and a judge from Detroit Recorder's Court, the Director of the Michigan Department of Corrections, an attorney in private practice, a member of the Michigan House of Representatives, and noted criminal justice expert James Q. Wilson.


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Last Updated March 15, 2012