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CRC Column

The right to criticize government is also an obligation to know what you are talking about. 
-Lent Upson, 1st Executive Director of CRC  


Parks and Recreation

Parks & Recreation

Proposal 2006-01: Constitutional Amendment to Protect DNR Funds
Report 340 ( August 2006 ) 10 pages

Proposal 2006-01 is a legislatively proposed constitutional amendment to protect nine funds and accounts for programs operated by the Michigan Department of Natural Resources.

The amendment is intended to protect the funds and accounts that currently exist in Public Act 451 of 1994, the Natural Resources and Environmental Protection Act, from future diversions for purposes other than those intended. The language of the proposed amendment is nearly identical to current statute. The proposal would extend the length of the Michigan Constitution by 1,834 words, a full six percent. A lengthy and complex state Constitution limits the ability of lawmakers to exercise the judgment they were elected to provide.

CRC was able to identify only one diversion of resources from these funds and accounts in the recent past, a FY02 diversion of $7.8 million from the Waterways Fund to help balance the state's general fund budget. Some of the funds and accounts have seen their balances decline in recent years, but those declines can be traced to reduced participation in certain activities and a decline in support from the state general fund. The activities taxed for these funds and accounts are heavily dependent on the weather. There might be fewer hunters, fishermen, and snowmobilers when the weather does not cooperate, but expenditures are still made out of these funds, thus resulting in reduced balances. As the State's budget troubles have worsened, money these funds received from the general fund has decreased considerably, forcing the revenues from user fees to play a more substantial role in funding the programs.

PDF File Proposal K: An Arts and Culture Tax for Oakland and Wayne Counties,
CRC Memo 1067, ( September 2002 ) 4 pages

At the November 5, 2000, general election, the voters of Oakland and Wayne Counties will be asked to approve the levy of one-half mill (0.5 mills) to support regional cultural institutions and local arts and recreation programs in these counties for ten years. Regional cultural institutions, such as zoos, science centers, public broadcast stations, museums, historical centers, performing arts centers, visual or performing arts centers, orchestras, and opera houses, will benefit from this tax.

State Ballot Issues on the August Primary Ballot,
CRC Memo 1062, ( June 2002 ) 8 pages

Proposal 2002-01: Compensation of Certain Elected State Officials discusses a proposed Constitutional amendment that would alter the process for accepting recommendations of the State Officers Compensation Commission.

Proposal 2002-02: Changing Limits in Natural Resources Trust Fund and State Parks Endowment Fund; Investing Trust and Endowment Funds in Stocks discusses a proposed Constitutional amendment that would increase the overall cap on assets in the Natural Resources Trust Fund; permit one-third of revenues to the trust fund to be appropriated until the fund reaches $500 million in assets; permit $6.5 million to be appropriated from the Genevieve Gillette State Parks Endowment Fund; and remove the prohibition against ownership of stock by state permenant and endowment funds.

CC 1030, pdf File Statewide Ballot Proposals - I: Proposal P -- Natural Resources Trust Fund - State Parks Endowment Fund, Would amend the Michigan Constitution to eliminate the diversion of natural resources trust fund revenue to strategic fund; increase the limitation on the accumulated principal of trust fund; and establish state parks endowment fund and distribute trust fund revenue to it ( September 94 ) 4 pages [15,023 bytes]

Report 316, pdf File Youth Sports and Recreation Funding in Detroit, Hamtramck and Highland Park, Quantified public spending for youth sports and recreation, compared this information to other major U.S. and Michigan cities to evaluate the level of public support for these programs, and identified alternative funding and governance structures, along with the relative strengths and weaknesses of each, that could enhance the level of youth programs. ( March 96 ) 56 pages [337,255 bytes]

CC 1008, pdf File Ballot Issues: City of Detroit Bond Proposals -- August 4, 1992, Proposal A - Neighborhood Redevelopment and Economic Development Programs; Proposal B - Public Lighting Service and Extension Bonding Proposal; Proposal C - Recreation and Zoo Facilities Bonding ( July 92 ) 4 pages [34,746 bytes]

CC 977, pdf File State Ballot Proposals -- II (C: Environmental Bond Issue D: Recreational Bond Issue) ( October 88 ) 8 pages [42,673 bytes]

CC 971, Detroit Ballot Issues: Authorization Sell General Obligation Bonds ( July 88 ) 4 pages

Arts/Cultural

pdf File Proposal A: An Arts and Culture Tax for Oakland and Wayne Counties,
Memo 1057, ( October 2000 )

At the November 7, 2000, general election, the voters of Oakland and Wayne Counties will be asked to approve the levy of one-half mill (0.5 mills) to support regional cultural institutions and local arts and recreation programs in these counties for ten years. Regional cultural institutions, such as zoos, science centers, public broadcast stations, museums, hitorical centers, performing arts centers, viual or performing arts centers, orchestras, and opera houses, will benefit from this tax.

Report 309, pdf File Alternative Funding Strategies For The Support Of Regional Cultural Facilities In Southeast Michigan, Addresses the question of how adequate financial support for the major arts and cultural facilities in southeast Michigan can be assured. Recommends creation of a Southeast Michigan Regional Cultural Authority to be financed with a 5 to 6 percent tax on amusement and recreation services. The state Equity Package, Detroit art and historical museums, Detroit zoo, Detroit Library, Belle Isle Park, Detroit Art Institute, Detroit Symphony and Orchestra Hall, Cranbrook, the Edison Institute are all discussed. -- Summarized in CC 1018 -- ( June 93 ) 86 pages (For ease of use and downloading, this document has been broken into 5 sections)

  • pdf FileSection 1 -- the Tables of Contents, the Executive Summary, and the Summary and Conclusions, [23,089 bytes]
  • pdf FileSection 2 -- Chapter 1, The Problem, and Chapter 2, City of Detroit and State of Michigan Support for the Arts, pages 1 - 19 [37,701 bytes]
  • pdf FileSection 3 -- Chapter 3, Lessons from Other Cities, and Chapter 4, The Private Support Options, pages 20 - 39 [46,347 bytes]
  • pdf FileSection 4 -- Chapter 5, Other Governmental Support Options for Southeast Michigan, and Chapter 6, Financing a Southeast Michigan Regional Cultural Authority, pages 40 - 65 [56,068 bytes]
  • pdf FileSection 5 -- Chapter 7, Governance, Responsibility, and Accountability, and Chapter 8, Facing the Future, pages 66 - 73 [22,195 bytes]

CC 1018, pdf File Alternative Funding Strategies For The Support Of Regional Cultural Facilities In Southeast Michigan, --- Summarizes Report 309--- ( May 93 ) 6 pages [42,959 bytes]

CC 971, Detroit Ballot Issues: Authorization Sell General Obligation Bonds ( July 88 ) 4 pages

pdf File Proposed Amendments to State Constitution and Detroit City Charter
CC 846, ( April 72 ) 4 pages

State -- Proposal A -- The Lottery Proposal;
Proposal B -- Appointment or Election of Legislators to Other Offices;
Detroit -- Allow Admission Charges to Cultural Institutions

Huron-Clinton Metropolitan Authority

Tourism & Travel

CC 971, Detroit Ballot Issues: Authorization Sell General Obligation Bonds ( July 88 ) 4 pages

Gambling & Lotteries

Misc. pdf File The Effect of Casinos on the Detroit and Wayne County Criminal Justice Agencies,
Misc., ( January 1998 ) 23 pages [281KB]

With a population of one million people, Detroit is the first city of its size in the United States to host casinos. Because the other cities that have hosted casinos are so much smaller, the experience of these cities is instructional, but it is difficult to apply their experience to Detroit to project how crime and the criminal justice agencies caseloads might increase. In order to attempt such an estimate, this memorandum will:
1. Describe a theoretical model that would predict the impact of casinos on crime;
2. Describe the experiences of other cities with casinos;
3. Explain the difficulties in attempting to apply these experiences to Detroit;
4. Estimate the number of patrons that will visit the casinos if they are to be successful;
5. Explore several methodologies that translate this increased number of visitors into an increase in the occurrences of crime, an increase in the number of arrests, and an increase in the number of events that lead people into the criminal justice system: (a) What it means to draw more people into the City of Detroit as a whole; (b) What it means to have more police officers on the streets to protect casino patrons; (c) What it means to draw more people into the Central Business District of Detroit.

Report 314, pdf File Managing The Relations Between State And Local Government And Casinos, Introduction to the extent of casino gaming in the United States, the forms of casinos, and the structure of the regulatory response of states to casino operations. Identifies the interests of the State of Michigan and local units in the establishment and operation of casinos ( April 95 ) 30 pages [80,610 bytes]

pdf File Detroit Ballot Issue: Prohibit Casino Gambling,
CC 973, ( July 88 ) 4 pages

This proposed ordinance provides that, if at any time casino gambling is approved by state law, it shall be prohibited within the corporate limits of the City of Detroit, including Belle Isle. A "Yes" vote is for the prohibition and against legalized casino gambling. If approved, the ballot proposal would initiate a city ordinance, but a state law authorizing casino gambling could supersede that ordinance.

pdf File Proposed Amendments to State Constitution and Detroit City Charter
CC 846, ( April 72 ) 4 pages

State -- Proposal A -- The Lottery Proposal;
Proposal B -- Appointment or Election of Legislators to Other Offices;
Detroit -- Allow Admission Charges to Cultural Institutions

Commercialized Sports, Stadiums, etc.

Memo 1040, pdf File Public Funding for Stadium Construction in Detroit, Describes the issues involved with two ballot questions before the Detroit voters about whether to permit city funding for a new Tigers stadium. ( February 96 ) 6 pages [104,825 bytes]

Memo 1045, pdf File Selected Detroit & Wayne County Ballot Issues, Analyzed two proposals on the local ballot in the Detroit area, including: Proposal T: Amending Pension Provisions of the New City of Detroit Charter and Proposal S: Public Funding for Stadium Construction in Detroit -- II. ( October 96 ) 4 pages [48,478 bytes]


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Last Updated July 25, 2006