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CRC Column

The right to criticize government is also an obligation to know what you are talking about. 
-Lent Upson, 1st Executive Director of CRC  


Economic Development Issues

Economic Development

Survey of Economic Development Programs in Michigan: Second Edition
Report 347, ( June 2007 ) 162 pages

The second edition is a greatly revised and updated edition of its Survey of Economic Development Programs in Michigan. The survey provides information on 46 state, local, and certain federal programs aimed at providing assistance in economic development.

Covered are grants, loans, tax abatements, authorities, training, and other kinds of state and local options available to support economic development. The summary for each program provides its statutory authority, purpose, eligibility, application procedures, administrative structure, and contact information. It also contains program activity data for several of the programs.

Regional Approaches to Economic Development
Report 345

CRC is issuing a new series of reports on economic development. The series, entitled "Regional Approaches to Economic Development," is designed to provide pertinent information and recommendations for policy makers and citizens about a topic that is fundamental to the future of our state.

Part 1: The Challenge of Economic Development
Report 345-1 ( February 2007 ) 16 pages

The first of this four-part series will review various definitions of, and metrics for, economic development and will explain why regions are an appropriate basis for economic development efforts.

Part 2: The Organizational Structure of Economic Development in Michigan
Report 345-2 ( February 2007 ) 16 pages

The second installment of this four-part series focuses on the many types of regional economic development organizational structures in an effort to explore how regional players coalesce around economic development goals and to identify best practices which may be applicable in Michigan.

Part 3: Survey of Regional Economic Development Organizations
Report 345-3 ( March 2007 ) 26 pages

The third component explores the results of a nationwide survey of regional economic development organizations in order to determine the roles and effectiveness of various kinds of regional economic development entities.

Part 4: The Organizational Structure of Economic Development in Michigan
Report 345-4 ( March 2007 ) 17 pages

The final installment describes many of the sometimes contradictory theoretical and programmatic approaches to economic development.

Survey of Economic Development Programs in Michigan,
Report 334 ( May 2001 )

This document categorizes and describes over 40 federal and state economic development initiatives, and offers the reader an index of programs and program concepts for ease of use. Major program categories include Federal Zone programs, Grants or Subsidies, Tax Abatements, Loans, Financing Programs and Authorities, and Jobs and Employment programs. Programs not befitting these are listed as "Other Local Unit Options," and include sundry economic development programs, and non-program, statutory adjuncts that facilitate development activities.

Report 323, pdf File Selected Michigan Economic Development Programs -- 1997, A compendium of state and federal efforts that promote economic development in Michigan. [revised per the errata below] ( December 97 ) 22 pages [205,508 bytes]


Errata to Report 323: Selected Michigan Economic Development Programs -- 1997

Errata: For everyone who was mailed or downloaded a copy of this Report prior to August 21, 1998, there is a correction on page 11:

Please be advised that under heading "IV. Tax Credits or Abatements", certain inaccuracies were reported regarding State Enterprise Zones. Under the "Program Type" subheading, State Use Taxes are listed as an exempt tax for businesses that relocate to the zone, or existing businesses that expand zone operations at least 50 percent. State Use Taxes are not exempt under the State Enterprise Zone Act for any type of business. State Sales Taxes are exempt for personal property purchased for use in Enterprise Zone businesses, but this sales tax exemption does not extend to retail purchases made in an Enterprise Zone.


Report 310-9, ../pdf File Detroit City Charter Revision Issues ... Planning And Economic Development Under The Detroit Charter, (Prof. John E. Mogk, WSU) Describes the provisions in the City Charter, the lack of compliance, the Charter provision deficiencies, and the effects that the current system has on the city ( September 93 ) 8 pages [46,153 bytes]

Report 276, Michigan Economic Development Problems and Issues: A Compendium of Findings and Recommendations from Studies and Reports Summarizes 28 studies and reports done between 1970 and 1981 on economic development problems, including taxes, regulation, unemployment compensation, worker's compensation, infrastructure, capital formation, technical assistance, wages, and other miscellaneous issues. ( January 82 ) 31 pages

Economic Development Incentives

Can Dedicated Millages and Tax Increment Financing Coexist in Michigan?
CRC Note 2013-01 ( January 2013 ) 5 pages

The Detroit Free Press ran a series of articles last week that documented Wayne County communities diverting for their own economic development purposes taxes were levied to support the Detroit Zoo. Other governmental entities have asked the state Attorney General or the courts for clarification of issues similar to those raised by the zoo officials. Now the Citizens Research Council of Michigan has released a brief paper that asks: Can Dedicated Millages and Tax Increment Financing Coexist in Michigan?

Since 1975, Michigan law has authorized cities, villages, and townships to establish special authorities with the ability to "capture" taxes levied within a confined geographic district to be funneled back into that district as an economic development tool. These authorities include Downtown Development Authorities, Tax Increment Financing Authorities, Local Development Financing Authorities, Brownfield Redevelopment Authorities, Historic Neighborhood Tax Increment Financing Authorities, Corridor Improvement Authorities, and Water Resource Improvement Tax Increment Finance Authorities.

Tax increment financing takes tax revenues from where they were intended when they received voter approval and diverts them for economic development purposes. This practice has caused the governments from whom the revenues are being captured to levy taxes at artificially higher levels to yield sufficient revenues for their own purposes. It also creates a shadow government structure wherein resources are directed for economic development purposes without being subjected to the budgetary scrutiny that other resources and expenditures are put through.

pdf File How Local Economic Development Programs Affect School Funding,
Note 2001-01, ( January 2001 )

Proposal A of 1994 changed the dynamics of school finance. In doing so, reliance on property taxes for school funding was reduced and the impact that economic development programs have on school funding was nearly eliminated. This paper describes how those economic development programs and school funding interact.

Report 324, pdf File Michigan Renaissance Zones in the Economic Development Context, An evaluation of the success of renaissance zones, which waive most major state and local taxes over a 10 to 15 year period, after a year and a half into the program. ( November 1998 ) 48 pages. [811 KB]

CC 1029, ../pdf File How School Finance Reform Affects Municipal Economic Development Incentives, Examines the affects of property tax changes resulting from Proposal A of March 1994, on tax abatements and tax increment financing ( August 94 ) 4 pages [19,482 bytes]

Memo, ../pdf File Renaissance Zones as an Economic Development Tool Describes Governor Engler's proposed Renaissance Zone initiative, existing Michigan tax incentive programs, experiences and lessons from other experiences from enterprise zones, and an analysis of the potential pros and cons of the initiative if it is implemented ( September 95 ) 18 pages [94,650 bytes]

pdf Document The Use of Property Tax Abatements in Michigan, 1974-1983
CC 959, ( March 86 ) 8 pages

--- See also CC #958 and Report #280 ---

pdf Document Municipal Government Economic Development Incentive Programs in Michigan
CC 958, ( March 86 ) 4 pages

--- See also CC #959 and Report #280 ---

Municipal Government Economic Development Incentive Programs in Michigan
Report 280, ( February 86 ) 59 pages

Part I of this paper provides a brief description of each of the five economic development programs and explains the interaction among the various programs. Two hypothetical business firms located in Central City - Acme Widget Production Company, a manufacturer of widgets, and ABC Widget Sales, a widget retailer, will be used throughout Part I to illustrate the various programs. Part II is an analysis of the tax abatements granted, as of December 31, 1983, by cities and townships with 10,000 or more residents.

Economics (Banking, Inflation, Business Conditions, Monetary Policy)

Prices, Cost of Living, Personal & Family Income (including indexing) (Salaries & Wages)

CC 1014, ../pdf File Demographics And Economic Changes In Michigan --- See also Report 306, Council Of Michigan Foundations Report "Michigan Key Indicators," Nov. 1992 --- ( January 93 ) 8 pages [49,831 bytes]

Report 306, Michigan Key Indicators (Published by Council of Michigan Foundations) ( October 92 ) 39 pages

CC 997, Income, Spending, and Taxation -- Michigan Compared to the U.S. Average ( April 91 ) 4 pages

Industrial & Economic Development

Bonding for Industrial Development, Tax Inducements

Report 323, pdf File Selected Michigan Economic Development Programs -- 1997, A compendium of state and federal efforts that promote economic development in Michigan. ( December 97 ) 22 pages [205,508 bytes]

Memo, pdf File City Of Detroit Bond Refinancing Proposal: Chrysler/Jefferson Avenue Jeep Assembly Plant Issues relative to the refinancing of $118.56 million of general obligation bonds as limited tax bonds to be voted on September 14, 1993 ( August 93 ) 2 pages [7 KB]

CC 971, Detroit Ballot Issues: Authorization Sell General Obligation Bonds ( July 88 ) 4 pages

Regulation of Business

Public Liability Insurance

Motor Vehicle Liability Insurance

CC 1031, ../pdf File Statewide Ballot Proposals - II: Proposal C -- No Fault Insurance, Analyzed the no-fault insurance referendum proposal which was on the statewide ballot at the November 1994 general election. ( October 94 ) 4 pages [15,225 bytes]

CC 1011, ../pdf File Statewide Ballot Proposals - II: Proposal D -- No Fault Insurance, Analyzed the no-fault insurance proposal which was on the statewide ballot at the November 1992 general election. ( September 92 ) 5 pages [41,681 bytes]

Insurance, Rates, Regulation

CC 1031, ../pdf File Statewide Ballot Proposals - II: Proposal C -- No Fault Insurance, Analyzed the no-fault insurance referendum proposal which was on the statewide ballot at the November 1994 general election. ( October 94 ) 4 pages [15,225 bytes]

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Last Updated February 21, 2013